Fredericksburg, the Little Germany of the Texas Hills
Fredericksburg is a Texas community that has long been a popular destination of Texans living in bigger cities wanting to escape for a weekend to a place where history and beauty combine with European culture and architecture to create a unique environment and an enjoyable experience for the entire family.
Known for its Old World charm, Fredericksburg is full of Sunday Houses, peach stands and stoic churches that set it apart from just about any other city in America. Here it was that 19th century European settlers from Germany met with the wild and often unfriendly Comanche, successfully reaching unusual terms for a treaty and establishing a town (burg) and a profitable agriculture-oriented community in the midst of the Texas frontier.
They brought with them their master skills of woodworking, cabinet making, farming. organ making, blacksmithing and beer brewing. They constructed ornate buildings, developed a tight-knit society and are noted for the only 'white' settlers to ever reach and keep a treaty with the Comanche.
Fredericksburg, in the heart of the Texas Hill Country, was founded in 1846 by these German settlers, and it's charm and heritage endures to this day.
The town was one of a projected series of German settlements from the Texas coast to the land north of the Llano River, originally the ultimate destination of the German immigrants sent to Texas by the Adelsverein. In August 1845 John O. Meusebach left New Braunfels with a surveying party to select a site for a second settlement en route to the Fisher-Miller Land Grant. He eventually chose a tract of land sixty miles northwest of New Braunfels, where two streams met four miles above the Pedernales River; the streams were later named Barons Creek, in Meusebach's honor, and Town Creek.
Meusebach was impressed by the abundance of water, stone, and timber and upon his return to New Braunfels arranged to buy 10,000 acres, officially founding the Fredericksburg town site.
The community's historic district is a designated National Register Historic District. Fredericksburg, just a little over an hour drive from Austin and San Antonio, is known for it's great accommodations, and is home to some of Texas' best bed and breakfast inns and guest houses.
The community offers a unique shopping experience, with some of Texas best specialty shops as well, filled with antiques, gifts, fashion, foods, books and more. The restaurants are famous for their international menu of German, Mexican, Spanish, and American favorites.
The town is the site of a number of great annual events, many of which recall Fredericksburg's German pioneer past, which attracted visitors from throughout the state. Among these events are the Wild Game Dinner (for men only) in March and the Damenfest (for women only) in October, both of which benefit the Fredericksburg Heritage Foundation; the Easter Fires Pageant; the Founders Day celebration (on the Saturday nearest May 8); A Night in Old Fredericksburg, in July; Oktoberfest; and the Kristkindl Market and Candlelight Homes Tour, both in December.
The Gillespie County Fair is held in Fredericksburg on the third weekend in August; the fairgrounds are also the site of racing meets on Memorial Day and the Fourth of July and a hunter-jumper horse show in June. In 2000 the community had 8,911 inhabitants and 910 businesses.
Whether you are looking for fine dining, the best in shopping, a wonderful bed and breakfast or a leisurely drive through the hill country, Fredericksburg with all its shops, museums, galleries, fine dining and Texas hill country tractions, will provide a memorable experience not soon forgotten.
Fredericksburg recreational facilities include Lady Bird Johnson Golf Course -a new 18 hole championship golf course. The golf course is open seven days a week from 7:00 am 'til dark. (Except Mondays when it opens at 12:00pm) Call (800) 950-8147 for tee time reservations. Fredericksburg also offers 15 tennis courts, an Olympic-sized swimming pool, and beautiful Wildflowers. Hiking and biking routes through our beautiful hills are popular, and cost nothing! Several times a year, the local walking club sponsors walkfests that get the whole family out of doors to enjoy nature's show!
Oak covered hills, sheer limestone cliffs, streams of clear water and miles of clear sky are the backdrop for one of nature's premiere beauty spots. Breathtaking fields of wildflowers and herds of wild game accent the views around this Hill Country destination. All you need is time and an appreciation of nature.
Local Facts and Figures
The population of Fredericksburg is approximately 6,934 (1990). The approximate number of families is 3,161 (1990). The amount of land area in Fredericksburg is 10.624 sq. kilometers. The amount of surface water is 0 sq kilometers. The distance from Fredericksburg to Washington DC is 1407 miles. The distance to the Texas state capital is 67 miles. (as the crow flies) Fredericksburg is positioned 30.27 degrees north of the equator and 98.87 degrees west of the prime meridian.